Showing posts with label administrator. Show all posts
Showing posts with label administrator. Show all posts

Wednesday, January 4, 2017

Paling mudah melakukan Deface pada suatu website

Ada orang yang kerjaannya memang mencari celah keamanan di dunia TIK, "Hacker" itulah sebutannya. Turunan hacker terbagi lagi menjadi dua, putih dan hitam, kemudian dari keduanya keluar lagi cucunya dengan keahlian yang lebih spesifik. Nah yang akan dibahas dalam blog kali ini adalah yang memiliki keahlian merubah tampilan suatu website, akibat adanya celah keamanan yang bolong, disebut DeFace, pelauknya disebut difacer.

Lawan dari semua hacker adalah administrator, dia adalah si penjaga bagian teknis dari semua layanan TIK, didalamnya dikategorikan kembali menjadi SysAdmin yang ngurusin Server, Network Eng. Yang ngurusin jaringan, programmer yang ngurusin koding aplikasi, dan Database Eng. yang ngurusin database.
Defacer, setiap hari selalu mencari celah keamanan website agar bisa di deface, melakukan penelitian terhadap sourcecode yang ada, melihat update vulnerability dari website-website security yang ada di jagad raya. Berdiskusi di forum untuk menemukan dan memecahkan sesuatu yang tidak bisa dipecahkan. Hal inilah yang biasanya hampir tidak pernah dilakukan oleh Webmaster & Administrator. Defacer, bisa saja terdiri dari banyak orang yang berbeda-beda dan berasal dari lokasi mana saja di dunia ini, misalkan: Indonesia, Turki, Brazil, India, Tunisia, dsb. Oleh sebab itu bisa kita golongkan bahwa defacer merupakan sebuah kumpulan orang banyak.
Administrator / Webmaster biasanya terdiri dari beberapa orang saja, bisa 1-3 orang saja. Administrator / Webmaster bertugas untuk mengatur dan mengurus website. Namun, entah kenapa kebanyakan webmaster & administrator website pemerintah Indonesia kebanyakan menggunakan layanan instant public (hosting, opensource cms, dsb), alangkah baiknya bila situs-situs pemerintah memiliki suatu badan tersendiri yang mengurusi hal ini (dalam bayangan).
Dari penjelasan di atas, terdapat beberapa kelebihan Defacer daripada Webmaster:
  1. Defacer unggul dalam jumlah, karena defacer bisa siapa saja di dunia ini.
  2. Defacer bergerak setiap hari mengikuti perkembangan security.
  3. Defacer mencoba dan melakukan research terdahap kelemahan-kelemahan di website setiap saat.

Website mudah di deface:
  1. Penggunaan CMS yang free dan opensource tanpa adanya modification. Sehingga keseluruhan konfigurasi menggunakan default konfigurasi, hal ini memudahkan para defacer untuk menemukan informasi file, directory, source, database, user, connection, dsb.
  2. Tidak updatenya source atau tidak menggunakan versi terakhir dari CMS. Hal ini sangat rentan, karena security issue terus berkembang seiring masuknya laporan dan bugtrack terhadap source, kebanyakan hal inilah yang menjadi sebab website mudah dideface.
  3. Tidak pernah ada research yang mendalam dan detail mengenai CMS sebelum digunakan & di implementasikan. Sehingga pemahaman dan pengetahuan dari webmaster hanya dari sisi administrasinya saja, tidak sampai ke level pemahaman sourcecode.
  4. Tidak adanya audit trail atau log yang memberikan informasi lengkap mengenai penambahan, pengurangan, perubahan yang terjadi di website baik source, file, directory, dsb. Sehingga kesulitan untuk menemukan, memperbaiki dan menghapus backdoor yang sudah masuk di website.
  5. Jarang melakukan pengecekan terhadap security update, jarang mengunjungi dan mengikuti perkembangan yang ada di situs-situs security jagad maya. Sehingga website sudah keduluan di deface oleh defacer sebelum dilakukan update dan patch oleh webmaster.
  6. Kurangnya security awareness dari masing-masing personel webmaster & administrator. Sehingga kewaspadaan terhadap celah-celah keamanan cukup minim, kadangkala setelah website terinstall dibiarkan begitu saja. Kurangnya training dan kesadaran akan keamanan website seperti ini akan menjadikan website layaknya sebuah istana yang tak punya benteng.

Administrator lakukan hal ini:

  1. Wajib untuk mengikuti perkembangan source dari source website yang digunakan, backuplah website dan database sebelum dilakukan update.
  2. Kebanyakan defacer telah memasang backdoor ketika telah berhasil melakukan deface website, hal ini dimungkinkan agar dapat melakukan deface ulang terhadap website. Wajib untuk memeriksa perubahan folder, file, database dan source terakhir dari website.
  3. Pelajarilah lebih dalam mengenai dasar-dasar hacking dan antisipasinya (RFI, LFI, CSRF, SQL Injection, XSS, Exploit, Dsb) karena artikel ini sudah banyak bertebaran di Internet. Semakin banyak tahu & mengerti tentang sebuah kelemahan website dari dasar-dasar hacking, maka akan semakin banyak tahu pula bagaimana cara mengatasinya.
  4. Sering-seringlah berdiskusi di forum dan milist yang berkaitan dengan perangkat serta aplikasi yang mensupport website anda, baik dari sisi operating system, tempat hosting, bugtrack milist, developer milist, dsb. Hal ini bertujuan agar informasi vulnerability dapat dipatch lebih cepat sebelum defacer beraksi.
  5. Hardening website dan source wajib dilakukan, misalkan jangan menggunakan “default configuration”, aturlah sedemikian rupa “configuration website” dengan memperhatikan: permission, access level, indexing, database connection, database configuration, password dan user management.
  6. Gunakanlah tambahan plugin / component yang tepat, sehingga dapat meminimalisasi terjadinya kegiatan defacing dari thirdparty. Pastikan hasil review & ranking plugin bereputasi baik dan sudah di verified oleh penyedia CMS yang bersangkutan.
  7. Lakukanlah penetration testing terhadap website, baik secara lokal maupun langsung di website. Banyak tools penetration testing yang bisa digunakan: Nexus, Acunetix, dsb. Tapi yang paling bagus dan lebih cepat adalah, copy source dan database website, Install di local computer, kemudian lakukanlah penetration testing. Updatelah website bila ditemukan vulnerability.
  8. Backdoor, baik (php, asp, perl, phyton) dikenali dengan baik oleh beberapa Antivirus, ada bisa cleaning dengan melakukan scanning terhadap source website secara local. Apabila tidak dikenali, terpaksa anda harus mencari secara manual.

Solusi website yang sudah terlanjur kena deface:

  1. Download source & database yang ada di website untuk backup. Hal ini untuk berjaga-jaga apabila langkah yang kita lakukan gagal, tetapi apabila konfigurasi & file benar dan lengkap dijamin 100% berhasil, terkecuali ada sesuatu yang terlewatkan.
  2. Download source CMS versi terbaru dari website penyedia CMS, misalkan: www.drupal.org, www.joomla.org, www.wordpress.org, dsb.
  3. Lakukanlah perbaikan database secara lokal, berjaga-jaga apabila backdoor ada di database. Biasanya didalam database ada access user tidak dikenal yang akses levelnya sama dengan Administrator.
  4. Install CMS yang tadi sudah di download di web hosting. Kemudian lakukanlah konfigurasi: database, file permission, directory permission. Jangan menggunakan default configuration, modifikasilah konfigurasi-konfigurasi yang ada agar lebih powerfull.
  5. Kemudian instalasi component: Themes, Plugin, Component, dsb. Gunakanlah yang paling update, atau source baru dari komponen yang akan di Install (Fresh Install Component).
  6. Kemudian update database, dengan login ke Database Control Panel (phpMyAdmin, DB Admin, cPanel Database, dsb). Setelah anda melakukan login, maka importlah database.
  7. Gantilah username Administrator & Password menggunakan nama yang lebih Unik, jangan menggunakan user (admin, administrator, adm1n, dsb) gunakanlah yang lebih powerful dan susah untuk di tebak untuk menghindari bruteforce, gunakanlah alias untuk menampilkan username administrator di web content.

Sumber: http://www.binushacker.net/alasan-website-pemerintah-mudah-di-deface.html

Thursday, December 6, 2012

Open Files & Folders with Administrative Root Privileges in Nautilus, Ubuntu’s File Manager

The Nautilus extension nautilus-gksu is an invaluable enhancement forUbuntu‘s default file manager. Once installed, it allows you to open files and folders as root or superuser simply by right-clicking and choosing “Open as administrator” from the context-menu.



This is great if you’re in a system folder and decide to edit a config file. Simply double-clicking would bring up the text file in your text editor, but you wouldn’t be able to save any changes. Rather than type the command to let you achieve this in a terminal, you can just right-click it and open it as the administrator.

Similarly, if you are working in a protected folder and need to edit files, move ordelete any of the contents, and even copy things into it, open the whole folder with this option, enter your password, and away you go. You will notice anyNautilus windows that appear will not be themed like the rest of your system, as those instances of Nautilus are in fact being controlled by root (if you ever logged in as root, which is never really advised these days, you’d see it has a basic theme and no desktop effects).

This option for folders is really handy, as there are times when even a novice user can benefit from having full access to a system folder. For example, if you’ve downloaded splash themes for GRUB bootloader and the Usplash/XSplash/Plymouth screen that comes after it, it is certainly much quicker and easier to open the appropriate system folder in this manner, then drag-and-drop new themes/splashes in, rather than have to type commands in the terminal to do so for each file.

To install this extension, enter the following into a terminal:

sudo apt-get install nautilus-gksu

ξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξ

Click here for more Nautilus Extensions!


Open Files & Folders with Administrative Root Privileges in Nautilus, Ubuntu’s File Manager


 


www.stisitelkom.ac.id
 www.di.stisitelkom.ac.id www.ktm.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.dkv.stisitelkom.ac.id www.dp.stisitelkom.ac.id www.srm.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.blog.stisitelkom.ac.id www.multimedia.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.elearning.stisitelkom.ac.id www.library.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.repository.stisitelkom.ac.id www.cloudbox.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.digilib.stisitelkom.ac.id www.mirror.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.sisfo.stisitelkom.ac.id www.hilfan.blog.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.telkomuniversity.ac.id
www.kuningmas-autocare.co.id www.usnadibrata.co.id www.askaf.co.id www.hilfans.wordpress.com www.hilfan-s.blogspot.com

Open Files & Folders with Administrative Root Privileges in Nautilus, Ubuntu’s File Manager

The Nautilus extension nautilus-gksu is an invaluable enhancement forUbuntu‘s default file manager. Once installed, it allows you to open files and folders as root or superuser simply by right-clicking and choosing “Open as administrator” from the context-menu.



This is great if you’re in a system folder and decide to edit a config file. Simply double-clicking would bring up the text file in your text editor, but you wouldn’t be able to save any changes. Rather than type the command to let you achieve this in a terminal, you can just right-click it and open it as the administrator.

Similarly, if you are working in a protected folder and need to edit files, move ordelete any of the contents, and even copy things into it, open the whole folder with this option, enter your password, and away you go. You will notice anyNautilus windows that appear will not be themed like the rest of your system, as those instances of Nautilus are in fact being controlled by root (if you ever logged in as root, which is never really advised these days, you’d see it has a basic theme and no desktop effects).

This option for folders is really handy, as there are times when even a novice user can benefit from having full access to a system folder. For example, if you’ve downloaded splash themes for GRUB bootloader and the Usplash/XSplash/Plymouth screen that comes after it, it is certainly much quicker and easier to open the appropriate system folder in this manner, then drag-and-drop new themes/splashes in, rather than have to type commands in the terminal to do so for each file.

To install this extension, enter the following into a terminal:

sudo apt-get install nautilus-gksu

ξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξ

Click here for more Nautilus Extensions!


Open Files & Folders with Administrative Root Privileges in Nautilus, Ubuntu’s File Manager


 


www.stisitelkom.ac.id
 www.di.stisitelkom.ac.id www.ktm.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.dkv.stisitelkom.ac.id www.dp.stisitelkom.ac.id www.srm.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.blog.stisitelkom.ac.id www.multimedia.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.elearning.stisitelkom.ac.id www.library.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.repository.stisitelkom.ac.id www.cloudbox.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.digilib.stisitelkom.ac.id www.mirror.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.sisfo.stisitelkom.ac.id www.hilfan.blog.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.telkomuniversity.ac.id
www.kuningmas-autocare.co.id www.usnadibrata.co.id www.askaf.co.id www.hilfans.wordpress.com www.hilfan-s.blogspot.com

Wednesday, December 5, 2012

Open Files & Folders with Administrative Root Privileges in Nautilus, Ubuntu’s File Manager

The Nautilus extension nautilus-gksu is an invaluable enhancement forUbuntu‘s default file manager. Once installed, it allows you to open files and folders as root or superuser simply by right-clicking and choosing “Open as administrator” from the context-menu.



This is great if you’re in a system folder and decide to edit a config file. Simply double-clicking would bring up the text file in your text editor, but you wouldn’t be able to save any changes. Rather than type the command to let you achieve this in a terminal, you can just right-click it and open it as the administrator.

Similarly, if you are working in a protected folder and need to edit files, move ordelete any of the contents, and even copy things into it, open the whole folder with this option, enter your password, and away you go. You will notice anyNautilus windows that appear will not be themed like the rest of your system, as those instances of Nautilus are in fact being controlled by root (if you ever logged in as root, which is never really advised these days, you’d see it has a basic theme and no desktop effects).

This option for folders is really handy, as there are times when even a novice user can benefit from having full access to a system folder. For example, if you’ve downloaded splash themes for GRUB bootloader and the Usplash/XSplash/Plymouth screen that comes after it, it is certainly much quicker and easier to open the appropriate system folder in this manner, then drag-and-drop new themes/splashes in, rather than have to type commands in the terminal to do so for each file.

To install this extension, enter the following into a terminal:

sudo apt-get install nautilus-gksu

ξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξ

Click here for more Nautilus Extensions!


Open Files & Folders with Administrative Root Privileges in Nautilus, Ubuntu’s File Manager


 


www.stisitelkom.ac.id www.di.stisitelkom.ac.id www.ktm.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.dkv.stisitelkom.ac.id www.dp.stisitelkom.ac.id www.srm.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.blog.stisitelkom.ac.id www.multimedia.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.elearning.stisitelkom.ac.id www.library.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.repository.stisitelkom.ac.id www.cloudbox.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.digilib.stisitelkom.ac.id www.mirror.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.sisfo.stisitelkom.ac.id www.hilfan.blog.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.telkomuniversity.ac.id
www.kuningmas-autocare.co.id www.usnadibrata.co.id www.askaf.co.id www.hilfans.wordpress.com www.hilfan-s.blogspot.com

Open Files & Folders with Administrative Root Privileges in Nautilus, Ubuntu’s File Manager

The Nautilus extension nautilus-gksu is an invaluable enhancement forUbuntu‘s default file manager. Once installed, it allows you to open files and folders as root or superuser simply by right-clicking and choosing “Open as administrator” from the context-menu.



This is great if you’re in a system folder and decide to edit a config file. Simply double-clicking would bring up the text file in your text editor, but you wouldn’t be able to save any changes. Rather than type the command to let you achieve this in a terminal, you can just right-click it and open it as the administrator.

Similarly, if you are working in a protected folder and need to edit files, move ordelete any of the contents, and even copy things into it, open the whole folder with this option, enter your password, and away you go. You will notice anyNautilus windows that appear will not be themed like the rest of your system, as those instances of Nautilus are in fact being controlled by root (if you ever logged in as root, which is never really advised these days, you’d see it has a basic theme and no desktop effects).

This option for folders is really handy, as there are times when even a novice user can benefit from having full access to a system folder. For example, if you’ve downloaded splash themes for GRUB bootloader and the Usplash/XSplash/Plymouth screen that comes after it, it is certainly much quicker and easier to open the appropriate system folder in this manner, then drag-and-drop new themes/splashes in, rather than have to type commands in the terminal to do so for each file.

To install this extension, enter the following into a terminal:

sudo apt-get install nautilus-gksu

ξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξ

Click here for more Nautilus Extensions!


Open Files & Folders with Administrative Root Privileges in Nautilus, Ubuntu’s File Manager


 


www.stisitelkom.ac.id
 www.di.stisitelkom.ac.id www.ktm.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.dkv.stisitelkom.ac.id www.dp.stisitelkom.ac.id www.srm.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.blog.stisitelkom.ac.id www.multimedia.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.elearning.stisitelkom.ac.id www.library.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.repository.stisitelkom.ac.id www.cloudbox.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.digilib.stisitelkom.ac.id www.mirror.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.sisfo.stisitelkom.ac.id www.hilfan.blog.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.telkomuniversity.ac.id
www.kuningmas-autocare.co.id www.usnadibrata.co.id www.askaf.co.id www.hilfans.wordpress.com www.hilfan-s.blogspot.com

Open Files & Folders with Administrative Root Privileges in Nautilus, Ubuntu’s File Manager

The Nautilus extension nautilus-gksu is an invaluable enhancement forUbuntu‘s default file manager. Once installed, it allows you to open files and folders as root or superuser simply by right-clicking and choosing “Open as administrator” from the context-menu.



This is great if you’re in a system folder and decide to edit a config file. Simply double-clicking would bring up the text file in your text editor, but you wouldn’t be able to save any changes. Rather than type the command to let you achieve this in a terminal, you can just right-click it and open it as the administrator.

Similarly, if you are working in a protected folder and need to edit files, move ordelete any of the contents, and even copy things into it, open the whole folder with this option, enter your password, and away you go. You will notice anyNautilus windows that appear will not be themed like the rest of your system, as those instances of Nautilus are in fact being controlled by root (if you ever logged in as root, which is never really advised these days, you’d see it has a basic theme and no desktop effects).

This option for folders is really handy, as there are times when even a novice user can benefit from having full access to a system folder. For example, if you’ve downloaded splash themes for GRUB bootloader and the Usplash/XSplash/Plymouth screen that comes after it, it is certainly much quicker and easier to open the appropriate system folder in this manner, then drag-and-drop new themes/splashes in, rather than have to type commands in the terminal to do so for each file.

To install this extension, enter the following into a terminal:

sudo apt-get install nautilus-gksu

ξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξ

Click here for more Nautilus Extensions!


Open Files & Folders with Administrative Root Privileges in Nautilus, Ubuntu’s File Manager


 


www.stisitelkom.ac.id
 www.di.stisitelkom.ac.id www.ktm.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.dkv.stisitelkom.ac.id www.dp.stisitelkom.ac.id www.srm.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.blog.stisitelkom.ac.id www.multimedia.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.elearning.stisitelkom.ac.id www.library.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.repository.stisitelkom.ac.id www.cloudbox.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.digilib.stisitelkom.ac.id www.mirror.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.sisfo.stisitelkom.ac.id www.hilfan.blog.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.telkomuniversity.ac.id
www.kuningmas-autocare.co.id www.usnadibrata.co.id www.askaf.co.id www.hilfans.wordpress.com www.hilfan-s.blogspot.com

Open Files & Folders with Administrative Root Privileges in Nautilus, Ubuntu’s File Manager

The Nautilus extension nautilus-gksu is an invaluable enhancement forUbuntu‘s default file manager. Once installed, it allows you to open files and folders as root or superuser simply by right-clicking and choosing “Open as administrator” from the context-menu.



This is great if you’re in a system folder and decide to edit a config file. Simply double-clicking would bring up the text file in your text editor, but you wouldn’t be able to save any changes. Rather than type the command to let you achieve this in a terminal, you can just right-click it and open it as the administrator.

Similarly, if you are working in a protected folder and need to edit files, move ordelete any of the contents, and even copy things into it, open the whole folder with this option, enter your password, and away you go. You will notice anyNautilus windows that appear will not be themed like the rest of your system, as those instances of Nautilus are in fact being controlled by root (if you ever logged in as root, which is never really advised these days, you’d see it has a basic theme and no desktop effects).

This option for folders is really handy, as there are times when even a novice user can benefit from having full access to a system folder. For example, if you’ve downloaded splash themes for GRUB bootloader and the Usplash/XSplash/Plymouth screen that comes after it, it is certainly much quicker and easier to open the appropriate system folder in this manner, then drag-and-drop new themes/splashes in, rather than have to type commands in the terminal to do so for each file.

To install this extension, enter the following into a terminal:

sudo apt-get install nautilus-gksu

ξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξ

Click here for more Nautilus Extensions!


Open Files & Folders with Administrative Root Privileges in Nautilus, Ubuntu’s File Manager


 


www.stisitelkom.ac.id www.di.stisitelkom.ac.id www.ktm.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.dkv.stisitelkom.ac.id www.dp.stisitelkom.ac.id www.srm.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.blog.stisitelkom.ac.id www.multimedia.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.elearning.stisitelkom.ac.id www.library.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.repository.stisitelkom.ac.id www.cloudbox.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.digilib.stisitelkom.ac.id www.mirror.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.sisfo.stisitelkom.ac.id www.hilfan.blog.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.telkomuniversity.ac.id
www.kuningmas-autocare.co.id www.usnadibrata.co.id www.askaf.co.id www.hilfans.wordpress.com www.hilfan-s.blogspot.com

Open Files & Folders with Administrative Root Privileges in Nautilus, Ubuntu’s File Manager

The Nautilus extension nautilus-gksu is an invaluable enhancement forUbuntu‘s default file manager. Once installed, it allows you to open files and folders as root or superuser simply by right-clicking and choosing “Open as administrator” from the context-menu.



This is great if you’re in a system folder and decide to edit a config file. Simply double-clicking would bring up the text file in your text editor, but you wouldn’t be able to save any changes. Rather than type the command to let you achieve this in a terminal, you can just right-click it and open it as the administrator.

Similarly, if you are working in a protected folder and need to edit files, move ordelete any of the contents, and even copy things into it, open the whole folder with this option, enter your password, and away you go. You will notice anyNautilus windows that appear will not be themed like the rest of your system, as those instances of Nautilus are in fact being controlled by root (if you ever logged in as root, which is never really advised these days, you’d see it has a basic theme and no desktop effects).

This option for folders is really handy, as there are times when even a novice user can benefit from having full access to a system folder. For example, if you’ve downloaded splash themes for GRUB bootloader and the Usplash/XSplash/Plymouth screen that comes after it, it is certainly much quicker and easier to open the appropriate system folder in this manner, then drag-and-drop new themes/splashes in, rather than have to type commands in the terminal to do so for each file.

To install this extension, enter the following into a terminal:

sudo apt-get install nautilus-gksu

ξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξξ

Click here for more Nautilus Extensions!


Open Files & Folders with Administrative Root Privileges in Nautilus, Ubuntu’s File Manager


 


www.stisitelkom.ac.id www.di.stisitelkom.ac.id www.ktm.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.dkv.stisitelkom.ac.id www.dp.stisitelkom.ac.id www.srm.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.blog.stisitelkom.ac.id www.multimedia.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.elearning.stisitelkom.ac.id www.library.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.repository.stisitelkom.ac.id www.cloudbox.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.digilib.stisitelkom.ac.id www.mirror.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.sisfo.stisitelkom.ac.id www.hilfan.blog.stisitelkom.ac.id
www.telkomuniversity.ac.id
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Open Files & Folders with Administrative Root Privileges in Nautilus, Ubuntu’s File Manager

The Nautilus extension nautilus-gksu is an invaluable enhancement forUbuntu‘s default file manager. Once installed, it allows you to open files and folders as root or superuser simply by right-clicking and choosing “Open as administrator” from the context-menu.



This is great if you’re in a system folder and decide to edit a config file. Simply double-clicking would bring up the text file in your text editor, but you wouldn’t be able to save any changes. Rather than type the command to let you achieve this in a terminal, you can just right-click it and open it as the administrator.

Similarly, if you are working in a protected folder and need to edit files, move ordelete any of the contents, and even copy things into it, open the whole folder with this option, enter your password, and away you go. You will notice anyNautilus windows that appear will not be themed like the rest of your system, as those instances of Nautilus are in fact being controlled by root (if you ever logged in as root, which is never really advised these days, you’d see it has a basic theme and no desktop effects).

This option for folders is really handy, as there are times when even a novice user can benefit from having full access to a system folder. For example, if you’ve downloaded splash themes for GRUB bootloader and the Usplash/XSplash/Plymouth screen that comes after it, it is certainly much quicker and easier to open the appropriate system folder in this manner, then drag-and-drop new themes/splashes in, rather than have to type commands in the terminal to do so for each file.

To install this extension, enter the following into a terminal:

sudo apt-get install nautilus-gksu

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Click here for more Nautilus Extensions!


Open Files & Folders with Administrative Root Privileges in Nautilus, Ubuntu’s File Manager


 


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Tuesday, October 30, 2012

Open As Administrator on Fedora

Is there a nautilus gksu equivalent for Fedora?


for Open As Administrator on Fedora.

 

YES, there is. In Fedora you can use "Beesu"

 

Using Beesu

Installing Beesu

Open a terminal and install the following packages:
$sudo yum install beesu nautilus-beesu-manager 

Configuring Beesu

After you have installed the packages above, you run
$nautilus-beesu-manager

to configure how you want to use Beesu.

The most useful settings are:
Edit with gEdit Execute/Execute Application Files and Folders/Delete Selected Files Files and Folders/New File Here Files and Folders/New Folder Here Open Terminal Here Open Nautilus here < ---- 

Using Beesu

Open up Nautilus

Navigate to the file or folder you want to manage, Right-Click the mouse, select Scripts >> beesu and a list of options which you have configure earlier was available.

Please note that some options worked on folders and some options worked on files while some worked on both.